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China prohibe el uso de bicicletas eléctricas en sus grandes ciudades

Andrés Moreno

Increíble pero cierto.
Increíble porque tienen más de 200 millones de bicicletas funcionando por el país, y además las usan personas con menos recursos que aquellos que pueden comprar un automóvil, por no incluir que esta prohibición no va a ayudar a mejorar la contaminación que crece y crece y crece de forma directamente proporcional al crecimiento de su economía.

No puedo entender las razones que puedan haber tenído sus políticos para hacer esta ley.

Tampoco la entiende el Dr. David Hon, fundador de Dahon bikes, quien ha escrito una carta pública para dar a conocer su opinión al respecto.
Con una industria que produce 1.7 millones de bicicletas eléctricas cada año, China es el mayor fabricante de estos vehículos del mundo. El valor de las bicicletas en circulación supera los 24 billones de euros.

¿Tendrá que ver el reciente contrato firmado con empresas alemanas que fabrican vehículos eléctricos? No quiero ni pensar que fuera así.
Y si encima se aprecia que las grandes empresas de motocicletas están entrando en el mercado de las e-bikes, con inversiones que dejan muy atrás a los fabricantes de bicicletas, la prohibición no tiene donde agarrarse.

“Es cierto que durante un tiempo no se ha tenido en cuenta como se debían de reciclar las baterías, y que más que algunas veces la calidad de las bicicletas no era muy buena, creando problemas en el tráfico.” apunta el Dr. Hon, sin embargo este que escribe no consige entender como es posible que el gobierno prohiba un vehículo que está dando tantos buenos resultados a otros países como Dinamarca, Suecia, Alemania y Holanda, además de que produce un crecimiento económico muy estable dentro del país.

Además contradice las políticas ecológicas que China ha promulgado a los cuatro vientos. Así que los habitantes de Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou y probablemente Shenzhen se quedan sin poder usar sus bicicletas eléctricas en la mator parte de la ciudad.
 


Dr. Hon Fundador de Dahon

Aqui la carta hecha pública por el Dr. Hon (en inglés)

An alternative view on forbidding E-bikes in China
“It is not easy to run a country, but we need make decisions based on science,” said Dr. David Hon

“It is not easy to run a country, but we need make decisions based on science,” said Dr. David Hon

Following legislation in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, it has been reported that Shenzhen may also start to limit the use of electric bikes. Chinese people are getting wealthier and buying more and more cars, which as we know has caused many problems, such as heavy traffic, serious air pollution and poor physical health in big cities. In fact a highly viable alternative to fossil fuel powered vehicles is already available; bicycles and e-bicycles together with public transit form a good system and a true solution to the problem.

The people and governments of Japan and Europe have already made many long-term environmental protection strategies, whilst at the same time making every effort to push energy saving and emission reducing transportation methods. All of these have been proven to perform well. Of Course, China has not been absent from the movement for international environmental protection, with the 11th five-year report (the Chinese government’s five-year development plan) having issued and formulated related goals and budgets towards environmental concerns.

China is the world’s largest manufacturer of bicycles and electric vehicles, with sales of up to 80,000,000 units, accounting for 80% of global turnover. However, there are some cities that are running counter to science and national policy. Why? It is said that citizens themselves have a poor reputation for electric bike safety, further that masses of e-bikes negatively affect a city’s beauty, and finally that battery recycling is mishandled and leads to pollution. But why don’t we instead set up laws more conducive to environmental protection? We could require e-bike riders to obtain a license, and enact severe punishment when they violate the traffic laws. Some may say that there are not enough police officers for this law. Compared with the USA, China employs six times more civil servants in the police force – the biggest quantity in the world. If governments can put more resources into this, I think we can do it well, right?

Above all, has the government thought about the influence on the ordinary people’s income and private life? Have they surveyed the detriment to GDP that will surely follow from such laws (some ordinary people will think it must be prodigious, but the government can enact a comprehensive report)? Does it not follow that more people buying more cars, or riding more often in taxis, will cause pollution to increase? How much money would we need to fix this?

People who cannot afford to buy a car will lose their job; should their lives become more burdened? How can poor people become wealthy? It is not easy to run a country, many contradictions cannot be avoided, but we need to consider things over and over again, and make decisions based on science.

Following the Second World War, many advanced countries have been pushing Green Transport and environmental policies. Velo-city, an annual conference founded in Berlin in 1980, has gained much experience and made valuable progress in the field over the years. The conference has a well-established history and also achieves real results, and has recently begun collaborating with the China Bicycle Association.

We are not sure if the related civil law enforcement authorities have consulted domestic and foreign specialists with an honest and open mind. If possible, they can cooperate with the China Bicycle Association and make a holistic analysis and measurement, in-keeping with the country’s goal of energy conversation and emissions reduction. This method would allow every municipal government make a long term and valid contribution. In this way, once the legislation is formulated and strictly enforced, we must be successful!”

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28/04/2016
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